Burton Fields Character Area (view detailed map) is predominantly an area of arable and improved grassland fields with associated farmsteads extending outwards from the northwestern edge of the City. The topography is mainly flat but rises to almost the full height of the escarpment in the east. This creates a progression from former wetland areas in the west, through agricultural land in the centre, to steadily inclining fields approaching the base of the escarpment where woodland fringes and scrub are more common.
Burton Fields Character Area lies on the western edge of the City of Lincoln, and rises from lowlands in the west of the area to almost the full height of the north escarpment in the east. The changing topography and geology of the area, and its strategic location adjacent to the city, have strongly influenced the landscape’s evolution over an extended period of time. As a result, the modern day landscape has many, both clear and subtle, traces of former activity, ranging from the Roman to the Modern Periods.
During the High Medieval [850-1350 AD] and Early Modern [1350-1750 AD] Eras, much of the land in the Character Area was open land held in ‘common’. Up until the Early Industrial Period, land immediately north of the Fossdyke probably remained as wetland and areas of meadow used for grazing, wildfowling and for the gathering of natural materials such as reeds. This may explain the more piecemeal pattern of enclosure in some parts of the area. The earliest building in the Character Area is the Pyewipe Inn, which was built in 1778.
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||Early Industrial (1750 to 1845 AD)
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