The key characteristic of Arboretum Character Area (view detailed map) is the Arboretum itself, a late Victorian planned public park which forms the main green space within the Monks Road Character Area and retains many of its original Victorian elements. It is set within an area of terraced housing and civic buildings of the same period, and, in many places, is enclosed by tall trees. The section of grassed land in the north eastern corner of the area is a surviving trace of the pasture which would have covered most of the Monks Road area until the residential developments of the late Victorian period. Some current boundaries derive from pre-Victorian field boundaries and some are characterised by hawthorn hedging and tree planting.
The Arboretum is located on the north escarpment with a relatively steep slope descending from Lindum Terrace. It is a well-used space, and in good condition following restoration work in 2001-3, and includes formal gardens, lawn areas, a terrace and an ornamental lake. Planting is a mixture of large grassed areas, mature and immature trees, shrubs and some annual bedding. The only two buildings in the Arboretum are the gate lodges although there are a number of other important structures including a bandstand and shelter.
The Arboretum forms the main green space within the wider ‘Monks Road’ area as well as the main public open space. It is also an important green space within the city as a whole. There are good views of the surrounding buildings and the south escarpment, as well as a view of the Cathedral which was incorporated in the design of the park.
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|Character Area Type:
||Late Victorian/Edwardian (1869 to 1919 AD)
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