Arboretum Avenue Character Area (view detailed map) is a largely coherent townscape from the late Victorian period with a grid-iron street pattern and two-to-three storey terraced housing. With bay windows and small forecourts, the housing is of a slightly higher social scale than the terraced housing to the south, which was nearer the industrial works. The size and location of the development was influenced by earlier field boundaries, and some medieval features such as the alignment of St. Clement’s passage can still be seen in the townscape. The housing quickly followed the development of the Arboretum immediately to the east and, together with the park and other adjacent developments of this period, forms a still wider surviving Victorian townscape.
The steep slope rising up from Monks Road contributes greatly to the character by providing good views of the south escarpment across the lower city as well as creating a rising vertical rhythm of terraced building details, e.g. chimneys in the roofscape. There is a broad homogeneity of architectural form, style and material (e.g. the buildings are mainly of red Albion brick, and Welsh slate or concrete tile roofs). However, there is also a great variety of good quality detail within the broad style, e.g. various brick mouldings at the eaves. There are also slightly larger and more ornate buildings facing onto Monks Road and near the Arboretum where grander buildings were considered appropriate.
The area is quiet, except along Monks Road, but has good access to the Arboretum and Monks Road itself. Access to the west and north is limited. A quiet green open space to the north also adds to the quieter character. There are many modern replacement doors, windows and rainwater goods that do not have the same details or scale as the original features.
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|Character Area Type:
||Late Victorian/Edwardian (1869 to 1919 AD)
|Average Building Type:
|Average Building Density: